DEW (Heb. טַל), condensation of water vapor on an object near the ground, whose temperature has fallen below the "dew point" of the surrounding air because of radiational cooling during the night. The conditions favoring the formation of dew are clear nights, moist air, and only light winds in the surface layers of the atmosphere. The Bible places so much importance on dew as a source of water for plant life (Hos. 14:6–8) that in its absence a drought is considered to prevail (Hag. 1:10–11). Dew, like rain, is a symbol of life and God's beneficence (Zech. 8:12). (It should be noted, however, that in biblical Hebrew טל may also refer to rain.) As a figure of speech dew expresses a source of abundance (Gen. 27:28), silent and sudden-coming (II Sam. 17:12), and ephemeral (Hos. 13:3). Several verses referring to   dew appear in the Bible, according to which the main season of dew is late spring–early summer, or harvest time (e.g., Hos. 14:6; Prov. 19:12; Isa. 18:4; Job 29:19; Song 5:2). Soon after harvest time in the Harod Valley, Gideon "wrung enough dew from the fleece to fill a bowl with water" (Judg. 6:38). This valley, however, does not receive much dew, and is situated near the hills of Gilboa which David, in his lament over the death of Saul and Jonathan, cursed to enjoy neither dew nor rain (II Sam. 1:21). According to modern investigations, however, the value of dew in the water balance of plants is dubious. As for the distribution of dew, it is interesting to note that the Bible refers to many of the regions, on both sides of the Jordan, in which dew occurs. As some Bible scholars have pointed out, most verses which allude to dew in different regions employ similar phrases of dewiness for them. The average frequency of dew nights in Israel, according to measurements by the Duvdevani dew gauge in the period 1945–1952, was for Tel Shalom (on the Coastal Plain) 231 nights per year; at the Tavor Agr. School (Hill Region) 163; and at Dafnah (in the Jordan Valley) 115. The largest annual number of dew nights is found in the central Coastal Plain and the northwestern Negev. The northern coastal region and Carmel beach are not favorable for dew formation. The Hill Region is not known for much dew. Mt. Carmel, being relatively low and the nearest hill to the Mediterranean, is the dewiest hill in Israel. The quantity and frequency of dew depend much on local topography: slopes receive little dew while level and concave areas receive it in abundance. In the low and level Valley of Jezreel there are many dew nights, but its western part is dewier than the eastern part, which descends to the Harod Valley. Dew is scarce in the Jordan Valley, particularly in its southern part (Jericho). However, in the flat and concave parts of the Huleh and Beth-Shean valleys the conditions for dew formation are better. A breakdown of the seasonal distribution of dew frequency in Israel indicates that the largest number of dew nights occurs in summer in the Coastal Plain and Hill Region, the lowest number occurs in winter, and an intermediate number occurs in spring and fall (see Table: Number of Dew Nights). In the southern Jordan Valley, between the Beth-Shean Valley and the Dead Sea, the regimen of dew is opposite to that in the coastal and hill regions. Dew in the southern Jordan Valley is most frequent in winter, while in summer it is rare or absent in this low-lying region. In the northern Jordan Valley no one month shows a marked increase in the number of dew nights. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Duvdevani, in: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 73 (1947), 282–96; D. Ashbel, in: Geographical Review, 39 (1949), 291–7; M. Gilead and N. Rosenan, in: IEJ, 4 (1954), 120–3; J. Neumann, in: Archiv fuer Meteorologie, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie, 9 (1956), 197–203; J. Katsnelson, in: Enziklopedyah le-Hakla'ut, 1 (1966), 27–62; U. Mané, in: Atlas of Israel (1970), sheet IV/1., maps R-T; N. Shalem, in: Sinai, 20 (1947), 119–35. (Jacob Katsnelson)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dew — (d[=u]), n. [AS. de[ a]w; akin to D. dauw, G. thau, tau, Icel. d[ o]gg, Sw. dagg, Dan. dug; cf. Skr. dhav, dh[=a]v, to flow. [root]72. Cf. {Dag} dew.] 1. Moisture from the atmosphere condensed by cool bodies upon their surfaces, particularly at… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • DEW — steht als Abkürzung für Directed Energy Weapon, Waffensysteme, die mit gebündelter Energie militärische Ziele vertreiben, paralysieren, schädigen oder vernichten Distant Early Warning Line Dortmunder Energie und Wasserversorgung, ein deutsches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dew — ist der Familienname mehrerer Personen: Eddie Dew (1909−1972), US amerikanischer Schauspieler und Filmregisseur John Dew (* 1944), britischer Regisseur und Intendant John Anthony Dew (* 1950), britischer Diplomat John Atcherley Dew (* 1948),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dew|y — «DOO ee, DYOO », adjective. dew|i|er, dew|i|est. 1. wet with dew: »from morn to dewy eve (Milton). 2. Figurative …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dew — Dew, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dewed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Dewing}.] To wet with dew or as with dew; to bedew; to moisten; as with dew. [1913 Webster] The grasses grew A little ranker since they dewed them so. A. B. Saxton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dew — Dew, a. & n. Same as {Due}, or {Duty}. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dew —   [djuː], John Roland, britischer Opernregisseur, * Santiago de Cuba 1. 6. 1944; studierte bei W. Felsenstein und Wieland Wagner. 1982 95 Oberspielleiter in Bielefeld, daneben auch als Gastregisseur tätig; 1995 2001 Generalintendant in Dortmund.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • dew — O.E. deaw, from P.Gmc. *dawwaz (Cf. O.S. dau, O.Fris. daw, M.Du. dau, O.H.G. tau, Ger. Tau, O.N. dögg dew ), from PIE root *dheu (2) to flow (Cf. Skt. dhavate flows, runs ) …   Etymology dictionary

  • dew — [do͞o, dyo͞o] n. [ME < OE deaw, akin to Ger tau < IE base * dheu , to run > Sans dhāvati, a spring, brook] 1. the condensation formed, usually during the night, on lawns, cars, etc. as a result of relatively warm air contacting a cool… …   English World dictionary

  • dew|i|ly — «DOO uh lee, DYOO », adverb. in a dewy manner; like dew …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”